1. Observations at junctions
Poor observations at junctions are one of the top 10 reasons that people fail their test. This would be recorded as a fault for failing to make an effective observation before merging into the path of oncoming traffic. Always make sure it’s safe before proceeding.
2. Moving off Safely
When you’re moving off from the side of the road, you need to make sure you look around, check your blind spots – and that you’re indicating the correctly!
3. Use of mirrors
Remember that you need to use your rearview mirror and wing mirrors – and react accordingly! People get caught out by stopping or increasing their speed without checking mirrors or using their mirrors too late.
4. Reverse parking
During the driving test, you can be asked to either parallel park on the road, or reverse into a parking bay at the test centre. You’ll notch up a fault in this area if you need to reposition the car to correct a loss of control or accuracy. A complete misjudgment or significant loss of control will count as a serious fault.
5. Response to traffic lights
Responding correctly to traffic lights is something that catches people out. Some of the mistakes that people make include waiting at a green filter light when it’s safe to proceed or remaining stationary at the stop line when it’s safe to move. Other faults include not conforming to a red light, and stopping beyond an advanced stop line in the area designated for cyclists.
You need to be able to maintain a steady course in normal driving. Things like mounting and dismounting the kerb, and not following the contour of the kerb results in faults in this area.
Your vehicle should be positioned correctly for the route you’re taking. If lanes are marked, make sure you’re in the middle of the lane. Avoid straddling lanes.
8. Turning right at junctions
When you’re turning right, position your vehicle correctly – it shouldn’t cut the corner when turning right. Also, watch out for cyclists and motorcyclists, and any pedestrians crossing the road.
9. Control when moving off
Repeated stalling is one of the things that count as control when moving off. Other things that are included in this reason are moving off (or trying to!) with the handbrake on, rolling backwards when trying to move off – and not putting the car in gear and attempting to move off.
10. Response to road markings
You’ll be marked with faults in this area for doing things like unnecessarily crossing the solid white centre lines on the road, and not following directional arrows. Stopping in a yellow box junction when the exit is not clear also counts for this reason. So make sure you know the rules about using them.